A List of Carbonate-Bearing Minerals
Table III: Carbonates with Phosphate, Borate, Arsenate, or Silicate

L. Bruce Railsback, Department of Geology, University of Georgia
with the kind help of Dr. Joseph A. Mandarino of the Royal Ontario Museum

These tables are intended to list of all known carbonate-bearing minerals for which names have been approved by the International Mineralogical Association's Commission on New Minerals and New Mineral Names. Table III lists the carbonate-bearing minerals that contain halides, sulfate, borate, arsenate, arsenite, phosphate, or silicate . If you spot an error or a missing mineral, or if you have some other comment or query, please contact Bruce Railsback.

Other options:
Introduction to these tables.
Table I: The pure carbonate minerals.
Table II: The carbonate-bearing minerals with chloride, sulfate, or fluoride.
Table IV: The carbonate-bearing minerals with multiple other anions.
Table V: Recently recognized carbonate-bearing minerals.

Under each of the following headings, minerals are listed in order of increasing charge on the most highly charged cation.

Carbonate-Bearing Minerals with Other Anions
Mineral Name Chemical Formula Notes (1) ref (2) No. (3)
PHOSPHATE-BEARING, BORATE-BEARING, and ARSENATE-BEARING CARBONATES
Qilianshanite Na(HCO3)(H3BO3).2H2O 1994 AM79:765 10.1.1
Bradleyite Na3MgPO4CO3 x x 10.2.1
Girvasite NaCa2Mg3(PO4)2[PO2(OH)2]CO3(OH)2.4H2O x x 10.2.2
Bonshtedtite Na3Fe2+PO4CO3 x x 10.2.3
Crawfordite Na3SrPO4CO3 1995 AM80:1328 10.2.4
Sidorenkite Na3MnPO4CO3 x x 10.2.5
Carbonate-hydroxlapatite Ca5(PO4,CO3)3OH x x 10.3.1
Carbonate-fluorapatite Ca5(PO4,CO3)3F MA x 12.3.1
Heneuite CaMg5CO3(PO4)3OH x x 10.4.1
Borcarite Ca4Mg(B4O6)(CO3)2(OH)6 x x 10.4.2
Carboborite Ca2Mg(CO3)2B2(OH)8.5H2O x x 10.4.3
Tyrolite CaCu5(AsO4)2CO3(OH)4.6H2O x x 10.4.4
Sakhaite Ca12Mg4(CO3)4(BO3)7Cl(OH)2 MA x 12.4.2
Kovdorskite Mg5(PO4)2CO3(OH)2.4.5H2O x x 10.5.1
Canavesite Mg2(HBO3)CO3.5H2O x x 10.5.2
Holtedahlite Mg12(PO3OH,CO3)(PO4)5(OH,O)6 x x 10.5.3
Phosphoellenbergerite [94-006] Mg14(PO4)6(PO3,OH,CO3)2(OH)6 1999 AM84:1196 10.5.4
Armangite Mn26As3+18O50CO3(OH)4 Arsenite x 10.6.1
Gartrellite Pb(Cu,Fe)2(AsO4,SO4)2(CO3,H2O)0.7 MA x 12.6.3
Moydite-(Y) (Y,REE)[B(OH)4]CO3 x x 10.7.1
Daqingshanite-(Ce) (Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)PO4(CO3)3-x(OH,F)x MA Bal? 12.7.3
Abenakiite Na26(REE)6(SiO3)6(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)O MA 1995 12.7.4
Krasnovite Ba(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2.H2O 1997 AM82:621 10.8.1
Harkerite Ca24Mg8Al2Si8(O,OH)32(BO3)8(CO3)8(H2O,Cl) MA x 12.8.10
Gaudefroyite Ca4Mn3+3-x(BO3)3CO3(O,OH)3 x x 10.9.1
Voggite Na2ZrPO4CO3OH.2H2O x x 10.10.1
SILICATE-BEARING CARBONATES
Carletonite KNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F).H2O MA Phyllo(7) 12.2.1
Tilleyite Ca5Si2O7(CO3)2 x Soro 11.3.1
Spurrite Ca5Si2O8CO3 x Neso 11.3.2
Paraspurrite Ca5Si2O8CO3 x Neso 11.3.3
Scawtite Ca7Si6O18CO3.2H2O x Cyclo 11.3.4
Fukalite Ca4Si2O6CO3(OH,F)2 MA NC 12.3.2
Thaumasite Ca3SiCO3SO4(OH)6.12H2O MA NC 12.3.3
Ashburtonite HPb4Cu4Si4O12(HCO3)4(OH)4Cl MA NC 12.6.1
Kainosite-(Y) Ca2(Y,Ce)2Si4O12CO3.H2O x Cyclo 11.7.1
Caysichite-(Y) Ca3GdY4Si8O20(CO3)6(OH).2(H2O) x Ino 11.7.2
Iimoriite-(Y) Y2SiO4CO3 x Neso 11.7.3
Abenakiite Na26(REE)6(SiO3)6(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)O MA Cyclo
1995
12.7.4
Cancrinite Na6Ca2Al6Si6O24(CO3)2 x Tecto-F 11.8.1
Meionite Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3 x Tecto 11.8.2
Surite Pb(Pb,Ca)(CO3)2(Al,Fe3+,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2 x Phyllo 11.8.3
Cancrisilite Na7(Al5Si7O24)CO3.3H2O 1993 Tecto-F 11.8.4
Hydroxycancrinite Na8(Al6Si6O24)(OHCO3)2.2H2O ??? x (8) -.-.-
Davyne (Na,Ca,K)8Al6Si6O24(Cl,SO4,CO3)2-3 MA Tecto-F 12.8.1
Vishnevite (Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)12O24(SO4,CO3,Cl2)2-4.nH2O MA Tecto-F 12.8.2
Liottite (Ca,Na)4(Si,Al)6O12(SO4,CO3,OH,Cl)2.nH2O MA Tecto-F 12.8.3
Latiumite K2Ca6(Si,Al)11O25(SO4,CO3) MA Phyllo 12.8.4
Tuscanite K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2].H2O MA Phyllo 12.8.5
Microsommite (Na,Ca,K)7-8(Si,Al)12O24(Cl,SO4,CO3)2-3 MA Tecto-F 12.8.6
Afghanite (Na,Ca,K)8(Si,Al)12O24(SO4,Cl,CO3)3.H2O MA Tecto-F 12.8.7
Franzinite (Na,Ca)7(Si,Al)12O24(SO4,CO3,OH,Cl)3.H2O MA Tecto-F 12.8.8
Sacrofanite (Na,Ca,K)9(Si,Al)12O24[(OH)2,SO4,CO3,Cl2]3.nH2O MA Tecto-F 12.8.9
Harkerite Ca24Mg8Al2Si8(O,OH)32(BO3)8(CO3)8(H2O,Cl) MA NC 12.8.10
Kegelite Pb8Al4Si8(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8O20 MA Phyllo 12.8.12
Silvialite Ca4Al6Si6O24(SO4)0.6(CO3)0.4 1999 MM63:321;
AM85:264
12.8.13
Ferrisurite (Pb,Ca)2-3(CO3)1.5-2(OH,F)0.5-1
[(Fe3+,Al)2Si4O10(OH)2].nH2O
x Phyllo 11.9.1
Tundrite-(Ce) Na3(Ce,La)4(Ti,Nb)2(SiO4)2(C03)3O4(OH).2H2O x NC 11.10.1
Tundrite-(Nd) Na3(Nd,La)4(Ti,Nb)2(SiO4)2(C03)3O4(OH).2H2O x NC 11.10.2
Lepersonnite-(Gd) Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(CO3)8(Si4O12)O16.60(H2O) x NC 11.11.1

Footnotes:

1 Notes for Railsback's use. "MA" Indicates a carbonate-bearing mineral with multiple other anions and thus one listed in the last section of the table.

2 For minerals that post-date Clark's (1993) Hey's Mineral Index, volume and page on which they are reported in American Mineralogist (or other publication as noted).

3 Column number.row number.mineral number in Figure 1 of Railsback's 1999 paper on "Patterns in the compositions, properties, and geochemistry of carbonate minerals" (Carbonates and Evaporites, v. 14, p. 1-20).

7 Column lists silicate groups (nesosilicate, sorosilicate, etc) in which Gaines et al. (Dana's New Mineralogy) place these minerals. "NC" indicates Gaines et al. did not classify the mineral.

8. The analysis reported for this mineral included CO2, but neither the original authors nor Mandarino (1997) include CO3 in the formula Na8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2.2H2O. Gaines et al. (1997) use that same formula in their table on p. 1632 of Dana's New MIneralogy, but they show the unusual and unbalanced formula Na8(Al6Si6O24)(OHCO3)2.2H2O on their page 1637. This compilation does not treat hydroxycancrinite as a carbonate-bearing mineral.


Return to the introduction to these tables.