A List of Carbonate-Bearing Minerals
Table II: Carbonate-Bearing Minerals with Chloride, Sulfate, or Fluoride

L. Bruce Railsback, Department of Geology, University of Georgia
with the kind help of Dr. Joseph A. Mandarino of the Royal Ontario Museum

These tables are intended to list of all known carbonate-bearing minerals for which names have been approved by the International Mineralogical Association's Commission on New Minerals and New Mineral Names. Table II lists the carbonate-bearing minerals that contain halides or sulfate. If you spot an error or a missing mineral, or if you have some other comment or query, please contact Bruce Railsback.

Other options:
Introduction to these tables.
Table I: The pure carbonate minerals.
Table III: The carbonate-bearing minerals with phosphate, borate, arsenate, or silicate.
Table IV: The carbonate-bearing minerals with multiple other anions.
Table V: Recently recognized carbonate-bearing minerals.

Under each of the following headings, minerals are listed in order of increasing charge on the most highly charged cation.

Carbonate-Bearing Minerals with Other Anions
Mineral Name Chemical Formula Notes (1) ref (2) No. (3)
CHLORIDE-BEARING CARBONATES
Hanksite Na22K(SO4)9(CO3)2Cl MA x 12.1.1
Northupite Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl x x 7.2.1
Defernite Ca3CO3(OH,Cl)4.H2O x x 7.3.1
Tatarskite Ca6Mg2(SO4)2(CO3)2Cl4(OH)4.7H2O MA x 12.4.1
Sakhaite Ca12Mg4(CO3)4(BO3)7Cl(OH)2 MA x 12.4.2
Chlorartinite [96-005] Mg2(CO3)Cl(OH).3(H2O) x x 7.5.1
Philolithite [96-020] Pb12Mn(Mn,Mg)4(Mg,Mn)2SO4(CO3)4O6Cl4(OH)12 MA x 12.5.1
Barstowite Pb4CO3Cl6.H2O x x 7.6.1
Phosgenite Pb2CO3Cl2 x x 7.6.2
Holdawayite Mn6(CO3)2(OH)7(Cl,OH) x x 7.6.3
Ashburtonite HPb4Cu4Si4O12(HCO3)4(OH)4Cl MA x 12.6.1
Wherryite Pb4Cu(SO4)2CO3(Cl,OH)2O MA x 12.6.2
Reederite-(Y) (Na,Mn,Fe)15(Y,REE)2(CO3)9(SO3F)Cl MA 1985 12.7.1
Mineevite-(Y) Na25Ba(Y,Gd,Dy)2(CO3)11(HCO3)4(SO4)2F2Cl MA x 12.7.2
Chlormagaluminite (MgFe)4Al2(OH)12(Cl2,CO3).2H2O x x 7.8.1
Tunisite NaCa2Al4(CO3)4(OH)8Cl x x 7.8.2
Davyne (Na,Ca,K)8Al6Si6O24(Cl,SO4,CO3)2-3 MA x 12.8.1
Vishnevite (Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)12O24(SO4,CO3,Cl2)2-4.nH2O MA x 12.8.2
Liottite (Ca,Na)4(Si,Al)6O12(SO4,CO3,OH,Cl)2.nH2O MA x 12.8.3
Microsommite (Na,Ca,K)7-8(Si,Al)12O24(Cl,SO4,CO3)2-3 MA x 12.8.6
Afghanite (Na,Ca,K)8(Si,Al)12O24(SO4,Cl,CO3)3.H2O MA x 12.8.7
Franzinite (Na,Ca)7(Si,Al)12O24(SO4,CO3,OH,Cl)3.H2O MA x 12.8.8
Sacrofanite (Na,Ca,K)9(Si,Al)12O24[(OH)2,SO4,CO3,Cl2]3.nH2O MA x 12.8.9
Harkerite Ca24Mg8Al2Si8(O,OH)32(BO3)8(CO3)8(H2O,Cl) MA x 12.8.10
SULFATE-BEARING CARBONATES
Burkeite Na6CO3(SO4)2 x x 8.1.1
Hanksite Na22K(SO4)9(CO3)2Cl MA x 12.1.1
Tychite Na6Mg2SO4(CO3)4 x x 8.2.1
Ferrotychite Na6(Fe,Mn,Mg)2SO4(CO3)4 x x 8.2.2
Manganotychite Na6Mn2SO4(CO3)4 x x 8.2.3
Rapidcreekite Ca2SO4CO3.4H2O x x 8.3.1
Thaumasite Ca3SiCO3SO4(OH)6.12H2O x x 12.3.3
Tatarskite Ca6Mg2(SO4)2(CO3)2Cl4(OH)4.7H2O x x 12.4.1
Philolithite [96-020] Pb12Mn(Mn,Mg)4(Mg,Mn)2SO4(CO3)4O6Cl4(OH)12 MA x 12.5.1
Leadhillite Pb4SO4(CO3)2(OH)2 x x 8.6.1
Susannite Pb4SO4(CO3)2(OH)2 x x 8.6.2
Macphersonite Pb4SO4(CO3)2(OH)2 x x 8.6.3
Caledonite Cu2Pb5(SO4)3CO3(OH)6 x x 8.6.4
Paraotwayite Ni(OH)2-x(SO4,CO3)0.5x x x 8.6.5
Nakauriite Cu8(SO4)4CO3(OH)6.48H2O x x 8.6.6
Schulenbergite (Cu,Zn)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10.3H2O x x 8.6.7
Brianyoungite Zn3(SO4,CO3)(OH)4 1993 MM57:665 8.6.8
Wherryite Pb4Cu(SO4)2CO3(Cl,OH)2O MA x 12.6.2
Gartrellite Pb(Cu,Fe)2(AsO4,SO4)2(CO3,H2O)0.7 MA x 12.6.3
Reederite-(Y) (Na,Mn,Fe)15(Y,REE)2(CO3)9(SO3F)Cl MA 1985 12.7.1
Mineevite-(Y) Na25Ba(Y,Gd,Dy)2(CO3)11(HCO3)4(SO4)2F2Cl MA x 12.7.2
Abenakiite Na26(REE)6(SiO3)6(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)O MA 1995 12.7.4
Nasledovite PbMn3Al4(CO3)4SO4O5.5H2O x x 8.8.1
Motukoreaite NaMg19Al12(CO3)6.5(SO4)4(OH)54.28H2O x x 8.8.2
Carbonate-cyanotrychite Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12.2H2O x x 8.8.3
Carrboydite (Ni,Cu)14Al9(SO4,CO3)6(OH)43.7H2O x x 8.8.4
Davyne (Na,Ca,K)8Al6Si6O24(Cl,SO4,CO3)2-3 MA x 12.8.1
Vishnevite (Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)12O24(SO4,CO3,Cl2)2-4.nH2O MA x 12.8.2
Liottite (Ca,Na)4(Si,Al)6O12(SO4,CO3,OH,Cl)2.nH2O MA x 12.8.3
Latiumite K2Ca6(Si,Al)11O25(SO4,CO3) MA x 12.8.4
Tuscanite K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2].H2O MA x 12.8.5
Microsommite (Na,Ca,K)7-8(Si,Al)12O24(Cl,SO4,CO3)2-3 MA x 12.8.6
Afghanite (Na,Ca,K)8(Si,Al)12O24(SO4,Cl,CO3)3.H2O MA x 12.8.7
Franzinite (Na,Ca)7(Si,Al)12O24(SO4,CO3,OH,Cl)3.H2O MA x 12.8.8
Sacrofanite (Na,Ca,K)9(Si,Al)12O24[(OH)2,SO4,CO3,Cl2]3.nH2O MA x 12.8.9
Camerolaite Cu4Al2[HSbO4,SO4](OH)10CO3.2H2O MA x 12.8.11
Kegelite Pb8Al4Si8(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8O20 MA x 12.8.12
Silvialite Ca4Al6Si6O24(SO4)0.6(CO3)0.4 1999 MM63:321;
AM85:264
12.8.13
Hauckite Fe3+3(Mg,Mn)24Zn18(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81 x error in HMI 8.9.1
Mountkeithite (Mg,Ni)11(Fe3+,Cr,Al)3(OH)24(SO4,CO3)3.5.11H2O x x 8.9.2
Jouravskite Ca3Mn4+(SO4,CO3)2(OH)6.13H2O x x 8.10.1
Schrockingerite NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F.10H2O MA x 12.11.1
FLUORIDE-BEARING CARBONATES
Sheldrickite NaCa3(CO3)2F3.H2O 1997 MR28:486; AM82:1262 9.2.1
Rouvilleite Na3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F x x 9.2.2
Carletonite KNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F).H2O MA x 12.2.1
Brenkite Ca2CO3F2 x x 9.3.1
Carbonate-fluorapatite Ca5(PO4,CO3)3F MA x 12.3.1
Fukalite Ca4Si2O6CO3(OH,F)2 MA x 12.3.2
Bastnasite-(Ce) (Ce,La)CO3F x x 9.7.1
Bastnasite-(La) (La,Ce)CO3F x x 9.7.2
Bastnasite-(Y) (Y,Ce)CO3F x x 9.7.3
Parisite-(Ce) Ca(Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2 x x 9.7.4
Parisite-(Nd) Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2 x x 9.7.5
Synchsite-(Ce) Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2F x x 9.7.6
Synchsite-(Y) Ca(Y,Ce)(CO3)2F x x 9.7.7
Synchsite-(Nd) Ca(Nd,Y,Gd)(CO3)2F x x 9.7.8
Rontgenite-(Ce) Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3 x x 9.7.9
Cordylite-(Ce) Ba(Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2 x x 9.7.10
Baiyuneboite-(Ce) NaBaCe2(CO3)4F x (5) 9.7.11
Huanghoite-(Ce) BaCe(CO3)2F x x 9.7.12
Zhonghuacerite-(Ce) Ba2Ce(CO3)3F x x 9.7.13
Cebaite-(Ce) Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2 x (6) 9.7.14
Kukharenkoite-(Ce) Ba2Ce(CO3)3F 1997 AM82:1039 9.7.15
Hydroxyl-bastnasite-(Ce) (Ce,La)CO3(OH,F) x x 9.7.16
Hydroxyl-bastnasite-(Nd) (Nd,Ce,La)CO3(OH,F) x x 9.7.17
Hydroxyl-bastnasite-(La) (La,Ce)CO3(OH,F) x x 9.7.18
Horvathite-(Y) NaYCO3F2 1997 CM35:743 9.7.19
Lukechangite-(Ce) Na3Ce2(CO3)4F 1997 AM82:1255 9.7.20
Reederite-(Y) (Na,Mn,Fe)15(Y,REE)2(CO3)9(SO3F)Cl MA 1985 12.7.1
Mineevite-(Y) Na25Ba(Y,Gd,Dy)2(CO3)11(HCO3)4(SO4)2F2Cl MA x 12.7.2
Daqingshanite-(Ce) (Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)PO4(CO3)3-x(OH,F)x MA error in HMI 12.7.3
Stenonite (Sr,Ba,Na)2AlCO3F5 x x 9.8.1
Barentsite Na7AlH2(CO3)4F4 x x 9.8.2
Montroyalite Sr4Al8(CO3)3(OH.F)26.10-11H2O x x 9.8.3
Kettnerite CaBiOCO3F x x 9.9.1
Thorbastnaisite Th(Ca,Ce)(CO3)2F2.3H2O x x 9.10.1
Albrechtschraufite Ca4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2.17H2O x x 9.11.1
Schrockingerite NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F.10H2O MA x 12.11.1

Footnotes:

1 Notes for Railsback's use. "MA" Indicates a carbonate-bearing mineral with multiple other anions and thus one listed in the last section of the table.

2 For minerals that post-date Clark's (1993) Hey's Mineral Index, volume and page on which they are reported in American Mineralogist (or other publication as noted).

3 Column number.row number.mineral number in Figure 1 of Railsback's 1999 paper on "Patterns in the compositions, properties, and geochemistry of carbonate minerals"(Carbonates and Evaporites, v. 14, p. 1-20).

5 Baiyuneboite-(Ce) may be identical to Cordylite-(Ce), and approval of the name was withdrawn (AM 75:240). It is nonetheless retained as a separate mineral here, simply to maintain consistency with many other mineral lists.

6 Cebaite-(Ce) was never approved by the CNMMN but is included here for the sake of consistency with most mineral lists.


Return to the introduction to these tables.