A Web Gallery of Stone Buildings and Their Building Stone
     

      This quaint page is a gallery of images of buildings and the stones of which they are built. Each row of the table below is a link to a page with larger-format images and explanatory text.

     In this gallery, you'll find many of the usual stone buildings: for example, castles, churches, and courthouses of sandstone and limestone. However, you'll also find a barn, an aircraft hangar, a gymnasium, and a railroad roundhouse built of stone, and you'll find coal, chert nodules, and calcrete among the stones used.

The purposes of these pages are

1. to remind general observers of the use of geological materials in building;
2. to encourage general observers to look at the stone in buildings they visit;
3. to encourage architects and builders to remember stone as they plan their work; and
4. to aquaint geologists with some of the unexpected uses of geological materials as building stones.

      The selection here is highly arbitrary. If you think a building and its stone should be included, send the author jpegs and information parallel to the examples below and they will (at the author's lenient discretion) be added to the page.


METAMORPHIC ROCKS

Building
Type of Stone
Photo of Building
Photo of stone
Washington Hall,
U.S. Military Academy,
West Point, New York,
USA
Gneiss
Building Image
Stone Image
Lumpkin House,
University of Georgia,
Athens, Georgia, U.S.A.
Athens
Gneiss
Building Image
Stone Image
Homes in Keswick,
in the Lake District
Cumbria,
England,
U.K.
Green Slate
Building Image
Stone Image
Old store and church,
Rockmart, Georgia
U.S.A.
Gray
slate
Building Image
Stone Image
Homes, hotels, and towers,
in the Mosel Valley,
Germany
Slate
(and meta-siltstone)
Building Image
Stone Image
Pfitscherjoch Hütte,
Austrian-Italian border,
Tirol
Feldspathic
granulite
gneiss
Building Image
Stone Image
Matrei Bahnhof
(Train Station),
Matrei, Tirol, Austria
Gneiss
Building Image
Stone Image
Graham County Courthouse,
Robbinsville,
North Carolina, U.S.A.
Quartzite
Building Image
Stone Image
Old Stone Church,
Pickens County,
South Carolina,
U.S.A.
Metamorphic
Rocks
Building Image
Stone Image
U.S. Post Office,
Athens, Georgia,
U.S.A.
Marble
Building Image
Stone Image
Rock Inn,
Lake Hughes,
California, U.S.A.
Granitic
gneisses
Building Image
Stone Image


IGNEOUS ROCKS

Building
Type of Stone
Photo of Building
Photo of stone
Venable family
Stonehenge Mansion,
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A.
Stone Mountain
Granite
Building Image
Stone Image
Eagle Store,
West Yellowstone,
Montana,
U.S.A.
Rhyolite
and Basalt
Building Image
Stone Image
Yellowstone T-shirt Company shop
West Yellowstone,
Montana, U.S.A.
Rhyolitic
Breccia
Building Image
Stone Image
Butts-Mehre Heritage Hall
University of Georgia,
Athens, Georgia, U.S.A.
Red
Granite
Building Image
Stone Image
Recreation Hall,
Arco, Idaho, U.S.A.
Vesicular
basalt
Building Image
Stone Image
Commerical building,
Loa, Utah, U.S.A.
Basalt and
andesite
Building Image
Stone Image
Auld Building,
Elberton, Georgia,
U.S.A.
Elberton
Granite
Building Image
Stone Image
Nan Madol,
Pohnpei
Micronesia
Basalt
Columns
Building Image
Stone Image


SEDIMENTARY ROCKS: SANDSTONES

Building
Type of Stone
Photo of Building
Photo of stone
Fountains Abbey,
near Ripon,
Yorkshire,
England,
U.K.
Carboniferous
Sandstone
Building Image
Stone Image
Cliff Dwellings,
Mesa Verde National Park
Colorado,
U.S.A.
Cretaceous
Cliff House
Sandstone
Building Image
Stone Image
Stone Cabin,
southern Utah,
U.S.A.
Mesozoic
red
sandstone
Building Image
Stone Image
Buildings in Callendar,
Stirlingshire,
Scotland,
U.K.
Red
Devonian
Old Red Sandstone
Building Image
Stone Image
Cawdor Castle,
Northern Scotland,
U.K.
Brown
Devonian
Old Red Sandstone
Building Image
Stone Image
Railroad roundhouse,
Como, Colorado,
U.S.A.
Late Paleozoic
sandstone
Building Image
Stone Image
An aircraft hangar,
Idaho State University
Pocatello, Idaho, U.S.A.
Sandstone,
(and a few pieces of basalt)
(and one chunk of granite)
Building Image
Stone Image
Almost a whole town:
Hot Springs, South Dakota
U.S.A.
Lower Cretacous
Fall River (Dakota)
sandstone
Building Image
Stone Image


SEDIMENTARY ROCKS: LIMESTONES

Building
Type of Stone
Photo of Building
Photo of stone
Roman Arena,
Verona,
Italy
Ammonitic
Jurassic
Limestone
Building Image
Stone Image
Georgia State Capitol,
Atlanta, Georgia
U.S.A.
Mississippian
limestone
Building Image
Stone Image
Christ Church
Cathedral,
Indianapolis, Indiana
U.S.A.
Three Paleozoic
limestones
from Indiana
Building Image
Stone Image
Old Stone Mill
Decorah, Iowa
U.S.A.
Ordovician
limestone
Building Image
Stone Image
St. Mary's, Aldermanbury,
in Fulton, Missouri
U.S.A.
Jurassic
oolitic limestone
from Britain
Building Image
Stone Image
Fort Scott, Kansas, USA
Pennsylvanian algal limestone
Building Image
Stone Image
The Old Rock School House,
Prairie du Chien,
Wisconsin, USA
Ordovician dolostone
Building Image
Stone Image
Many homes and buildings
Beloit, Kansas
USA
Cretaceous
Greenhorn
Limestone
Building Image
Stone Image
Annaberg Plantation
St. John
U.S. Virign Islands
Cenzoic
(probably Quaternary)
Coral
Building Image
Stone Image
Castillo de San Marcos,
St. Augustine,
Florida, U.S.A.
Quaternary
coquina
Building Image
Stone Image
Roman Arena,
Arles, Provence,
France
Mesozoic
limestone
Building Image
Stone Image
le Tour magne,
a Roman tower
in Nimes,
France
limestone
Building Image
Stone Image
Tennessee State
Supreme Court building,
Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.A.
"Tennessee Marble",
an Ordovician limestone
from eastern Tennessee
Building Image
Stone Image
Barn in the Flint Hills,
Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve,
Strong City, Kansas, U.S.A.
Permian
limestone
Building Image
Stone Image


OTHER SEDIMENTARY MATERIALS

Building
Type of Stone
Photo of Building
Photo of stone
Anglican Church,
Great Sampford,
Essex,
England,
U.K.
Chert Nodules
(Flints)
Building Image
Stone Image
Private Home,
Stow-cum-Quy,
Cambridgeshire,
England,
U.K.
Chert Nodules
(Flints)
Building Image
Stone Image
New Justice Building
(Courthouse),
Munich, Bavaria,
Germany
Tertiary
molassic
conglomerate
Building Image
Stone Image
Jakobsdom,
(Cathedral of St. Jakob),
Innsbruck, Austria
Quaternary
Breccia
Building Image
Stone Image
First Methodist Church,
Elberton, Georgia,
U.S.A.
Quartz
Pebbles
Building Image
Stone Image
The Coal Palace,
Ottumwa,
Wapello County,
Iowa,
U.S.A.
Pennsylvanian
Coal
Building Image
Stone Image
El Cuartelejo
Pueblo,
Scott County,
Kansas, U.S.A.
Calcrete
(caliche)
Building Image
Stone Image


TWO OR THREE KINDS OF STONE

Building
Type of Stone
Photo of Building
Photo of stone
Gasthof Post,
Strass, Tirol,
Austria
Limestone
and slate
at a geologic boundary
Building Image
Stone Image
Dixie Academy,
St. George,
Utah, U.S.A.
Local
basalt and
sandstone
Building Image
Stone Image
Wayne County
Court House,
Richmond,
Indiana, U.S.A.
Indiana limestone and
New Hampshire granite
Building Image
Stone Image
Pfarrkirche,
Zell am See,
Austria
Granite,
limestone,
and slate
Building Image
Stone Image


MULTIPLE KINDS OF ROCKS

Building
Type of Stone
Photo of Building
Photo of stone
Inverlochy Castle,
Fort William,
Scotland,
U.K.
Lithologic
Potpourri
Building Image
Stone Image
An old service station,
Wayne County,
Indiana, U.S.A.
Glacially
transported
potpourri
Building Image
Stone Image
Chadwick-Munger House,
home of the
Oceana County Historical Society
Hart, Michigan, U.S.A.
Diverse hammered
stones from
glacial till
Building Image
Stone Image
Charthouse Restaurant,
Savannah
Georgia, U.S.A.
Trans-oceanic
potpourri
Building Image
Stone Image


Related links:

Buildings and Building Stone in Iowa.
Guide to the Building Stones of Downtown Cleveland .
Dr. Paul Schroeder's Tour of Building Stones on the UGA campus.
Building Stones on the Cornell campus.
The "Building Stone in Archaeology" home page.
A page about The Geology and Building Stones of Burton Bradstock, Dorset, England, UK.
A USGS Tour of Building Stones of Downtown Salt Lake City, Utah.
A USGS page on Building Stones of Washington, DC.
Emily Burns's "The City Rocks" webpage.
A Tour of Building Stones of Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, U.K..
The NIST test wall of building stones.
Building stones of Maryland.
British Stone's "Stone List" of building stones in Britain.
The Marble Institute of America and their list of Industry Term Definitions & Common Uses


To Bruce Railsback's main page.